Exploring the Himalayas
Asia > Nepal
The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia.
It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and the country’s largest metropolis. Nepal has rich geography. Nepal is popular for mountaineering, containing some of the world’s highest and most challenging peaks. The mountainous north has 8 of the world’s 10 tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest 29,029ft (8848m), called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000ft (6096m) above sea level. The fertile and humid south is heavily urbanized. By some measures, Hinduism is practiced by a larger majority of people in Nepal than in any other nation. Buddhism, though a minority faith in the country, is linked historically with Nepal as the birthplace of the Buddha.